Early-stage tonsil cancer is frequently treated with radiation therapy. A promising treatment called induction chemotherapy is likewise utilized to shrink the tonsil tumor. Advanced cancer cases usually need a combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and surgical treatment.
This uses powerful medication to kill cancerous cells, slow their spread, or diminish the size of the growth to make it much easier to eliminate. An individual may require chemotherapy alongside radiation therapy for cancers of the mouth and throat.
Chemotherapy kills malignant cells, but it also harms healthy cells. For this reason, it can have extremely unfavorable impacts.
If a medical diagnosis takes place at a later phase, a doctor may advise a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy without substantial surgical treatment.
A medical professional may recommend this to diminish the growth before surgical treatment or to help eliminate any remaining cancerous cells after the operation. Radiation therapy can stop the growth of a tumor or damage cancerous cells.
If chemotherapy and radiation do not damage the growth, surgery is utilized. A neck dissection may be required to eliminate the nodes if the lymph nodes in the neck are affected.
A surgeon normally eliminates the precancerous cells or tumor. They might be required to remove the tonsils and additional tissue around the tumor to decrease the danger of leaving malignant tissue behind.
Depending on the extent of the treatment, a person may need even more surgery to restore their teeth, along with their voice and other functions.
Chemotherapy may be used for palliative therapy (to help relieve signs and slow the tumor growth) if surgery is not possible.
Early tonsil cancer.
Early tonsil cancer suggests a tumor that is smaller than 4cm (Stages I and II) and is contained within the tonsil.
A person might have either:
- Surgery to eliminate cancer and some of the lymph nodes in the neck.
- Radiotherapy to the throat and neck.
- Radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy after surgery if the physician believes there is a high threat that cancer will come back. Chemoradiotherapy is when a person has chemotherapy and radiotherapy together.
Advanced tonsil cancer.
Advanced tonsil cancer means the cancer is larger than 4cm. Or it has grown outside the tonsil, invading other tissues or lymph nodes (Stages III and IV).
A person might have:
- chemotherapy and radiotherapy together (chemoradiotherapy) to the throat and neck.
- surgical treatment to eliminate part of the throat affected by cancer and some of the lymph nodes in the neck, followed by radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy.
- radiotherapy on its own.
- Chemotherapy prior to surgery if the cancer is of great size, although this isn't really common.
Typically a PET CT scan is done a few months after chemoradiotherapy. If the lymph nodes consist of cancer, this is to examine. If there are indications of cancer, normally surgical treatment to remove the lymph nodes is performed.
Chemotherapy, surgical treatment, or radiotherapy might be done to manage symptoms of advanced cancer.
Emerging drugs can target cancerous cells in a selective and accurate method. For this reason, targeted treatment might have fewer negative effects than chemotherapy.